Conceptualizing psychopathic traits from an evolutionary-based perspective: An empirical study in a community sample of boys and girls

dc.contributor.authorSilva, Diana Ribeiro da
dc.contributor.authorRijo, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorVagos, Paula
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-29T11:06:24Z
dc.date.available2021-04-29T11:06:24Z
dc.date.issued2019-07
dc.description.abstractAlthough psychopathy has historically been associated with a lack of emotion, recent research has suggested that psychopathy may represent a tendency to externalize the experience of unpleasant emotions, including shame, which could be seen as an adaptive strategy within an evolutionary framework. However, more empirical research is needed to build on this argument. This study tested a novel evolutionary-based model involving pathways associating the impact of harsh rearing experiences (warmth and safeness experiences and traumatic shameful experiences) with psychopathic traits as well as the indirect effects of external shame and shame coping strategies in this association. This study also tested the invariance of this model across gender. Ayouth community sample (N = 703; 58.9% girls) completed self-report questionnaires on the impact of harsh rearing experiences, external shame, shame coping strategies, and psychopathic traits. The results suggested that the impact of harsh rearing experiences was directly and indirectly (through external shame and shame coping strategies) associated with psychopathic traits. The model partially explained the endorsement of psychopathic traits in boys and girls, although gender differences were found in some of the pathways. These findings offer support for conceptualizing psychopathic traits as an adaptive strategy to cope with the impact of harsh rearing experiences, opening new perspectives for prevention and treatment.pt_PT
dc.identifier.citationRibeiro, da Silva, D., Vagos, P., & Rijo, D. (2019). Conceptualizing psychopathic traits from an evolutionary-based perspective: An empirical study in a community sample of boys and girls. Current Psychology. Doi: 10.1007/s12144-019-00353-3. Disponível no Repositório UPT, http://hdl.handle.net/11328/3491pt_PT
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s12144-019-00353-3pt_PT
dc.identifier.issn1936-4733
dc.identifier.issn1046-1310
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11328/3491
dc.language.isoengpt_PT
dc.peerreviewedyespt_PT
dc.publisherSpringerpt_PT
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12144-019-00353-3#citeaspt_PT
dc.rightsrestricted accesspt_PT
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/pt_PT
dc.subjectHarsh rearing experiencespt_PT
dc.subjectExternal shamept_PT
dc.subjectShame coping strategiespt_PT
dc.subjectPsychopathic traitspt_PT
dc.subjectEvolutionary approachpt_PT
dc.titleConceptualizing psychopathic traits from an evolutionary-based perspective: An empirical study in a community sample of boys and girlspt_PT
dc.typejournal articlept_PT
degois.publication.titleCurrent Psychologypt_PT
dspace.entity.typePublicationen
person.affiliation.nameI2P - Instituto Portucalense de Psicologia
person.familyNameVagos
person.givenNamePaula
person.identifier.ciencia-idC419-AFB7-1569
person.identifier.orcid0000-0003-4372-3930
person.identifier.ridAAC-3158-2020
person.identifier.scopus-author-id36487351300
relation.isAuthorOfPublication5b849195-f9f5-4388-938d-93de7b8e8516
relation.isAuthorOfPublication.latestForDiscovery5b849195-f9f5-4388-938d-93de7b8e8516

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