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PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
Reflexões sobre a integração dos ODS numa unidade curricular na área do Direito: Oportunidades e desafios de uma experiência com estudantes
2024-05-01 - Alves, Dora Resende; Fernandes, Sandra
Comprometida com a implementação dos Objetivos de Desenvolvimento Sustentável (ODS), a Universidade Portucalense (UPT) promoveu, através do seu Gabinete de Inovação Pedagógica (GIP), ações de capacitação dos docentes para a integração dos ODS na planificação curricular e pedagógica das suas unidades curriculares (UC). Esta medida resultou na revisão das Fichas das Unidades Curriculares por parte dos docentes dos vários ciclos de estudos que integram a oferta formativa da instituição. O estudo de caso apresentado neste artigo procura ilustrar o modo como essa integração dos ODS foi realizada no caso específico de uma unidade curricular na área do Direito. Tratou-se da readaptação de um dos elementos de avaliação da UC, neste caso um trabalho de grupo, que foi intencionalmente repensado de forma que os estudantes tivessem que explorar e discutir o contributo da UC e dos conteúdos programáticos para o cumprimento dos ODS. Os resultados preliminares da experiência revelam um balanço positivo da mobilização dos ODS nos trabalhos de grupo realizados pelos estudantes, apresentando uma perspetiva crítica sobre os mesmos.
PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
Inflammatory biomarkers and perinatal depression: A systematic review
2024-05-31 - Silva-Fernandes, Anabela; Marques, Margarida; Caparros-Gonzalez, Rafael; Fransson, Emma; Mesquita, Ana; Figueiredo, Bárbara; Skalkidou, Alkistis; Conde, Ana
Background Approximately 10 to 20% of pregnant women worldwide experience perinatal depression (PND), a depressive episode with onset during pregnancy or after childbirth. We performed a systematic review to identify, summarize and discuss studies on inflammatory biomarkers described in relation to PND. Method Inclusion criteria defined the selection of observational studies written in English, French, Spanish or Portuguese, that evaluate analytical levels of inflammatory molecules (protein levels) in biological fluids in women, with a diagnosis of depression using ICD/DSM diagnostic criteria or depressive symptoms assessed by standardized psychometric instruments, during pregnancy and/or postpartum. Case reports, experimental studies, reviews, qualitative analysis, meta-analysis, gray literature or replicated data were excluded. Three electronic databases were used for search (Pubmed, Web of Science and PsychInfo) and quality assessment of selected studies were performed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Data extraction included study design; number of subjects; obstetric information; tools and timepoints of depression and inflammatory markers assessment. Results 56 studies (sample size for cross-sectional and case-control studies ranging from 10 to 469; sample size for longitudinal studies ranging from 26 to 467), where the major aim was to analyze the association between depression and inflammatory biomarkers during pregnancy and postpartum period were included in this systematic review. Overall, the findings of our systematic review lend support to the hypothesis that several inflammatory markers may be associated with peripartum depressive symptoms. The associations were somewhat different looking at pregnancy compared to the delivery time-point and postpartum, and mainly referred to increased levels of IL-6, IL-8, CRP and TNF-α among depressed. Discussion In summary, our systematic review findings provide evidence supporting the hypothesis that several inflammatory markers may correlate with peripartum depressive symptoms. However, our work also highlighted notable differences in the timing of biological sampling for inflammatory markers and in the methodologies used to assess depression during the perinatal period. Additionally, variations were observed in how inflammatory biomarkers and depression were approached, including their classification as exposure or outcome variables, and the timing of assessments. It is essential for future research to investigate the influence of biological fluids and the timing of assessments for both inflammatory biomarkers and depression to gain a deeper understanding of their association. This comprehensive exploration is pivotal for elucidating the intricate relationship between inflammation and perinatal depression.
PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
A different side of the COVID-19 pandemic: Narratives told by older adults
2024-06-06 - Vagos, Paula; Tavares, Lúcia; Xavier, Ana
The present study investigated the nature and meaning of the experiences of older adults who lived through the SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdown periods in Portugal. Narrative Research was used to explore the lived stories of two community-resident female older adults, recruited through convenience sampling. Data was collected through a semi-structured interview and thematically analyzed. Participants’ testimonies revealed a somewhat positive experience and no overwhelming difficulties were expressed. A positive and close relationship with family and personality traits such as optimism and hope emerged as the main coping strategies and resources to overcome challenges. Participants’ stories also highlighted constructs still scarcely studied among older adults: acceptance, self-compassion, and event centrality. Our findings, therefore, highlight the importance of acknowledging the idiosyncrasies of this population, rather than envisioning them as a homogenous at-risk group. Future research should use qualitative methodologies to give voice to older adults with different life stories.