Sousa, Goreti

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Sousa

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Goreti

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Goreti Sousa

Biografia

Goreti Sousa obtained, in 2013, the PhD at the University of Santiago de Compostela in Prehistory. Having previously completed the DEA in Archeology, Ancient History and Historiographical Sciences and Techniques, and in 1998, the Degree in History - Educational Branch, at the University of Porto. Between 2005 and 2018 she actively integrated the research team of 5 R&D projects, four of which European projects and one national project (FCT). Since 2003 she is an external researcher of the Arqueoloxía e Ecoloxía do Fenómeno Megalítico galego Research Group of the Department of History I of the University of Santiago de Compostela. Between 2007 and 2012, she was a member of another Research Group, Paisagens, Fronteiras e Poderes, of the CITCEM (Transdisciplinary Research Centre for Culture, Space and Memory) at the Institute of Social Sciences of the University of Minho. Currently participates in the 3DPast project, which explores the use of artistic and multimedia tools as a way to enhance the knowledge, appreciation and safeguard of vernacular architecture, included in UNESCO World Heritage sites.

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Organização
CIAUD-UPT - Centro de Investigação em Arquitetura, Urbanismo e Design
O Centro de Investigação Gallaecia é responsável pela investigação e produção científica do DAMG. A equipa tem ganho regularmente financiamento para projetos de investigação, como coordenador ou parceiro, em candidaturas da FCT (projeto SEISMIC-V), programa Cultura 2000 (projeto VerSus) ou da Europa Criativa (projeto 3DPAST). A equipa realiza igualmente, consultoria e prestação de serviços a Municípios, assim como apoio às comunidades nas Juntas de Freguesia e Santa Casa da Misericórdia. Os principais projetos de investigação ganhos e coordenados pela equipa têm sido dedicados sobretudo a património vernáculo, arquitetura de terra, Património Mundial e multimédia. Atualmente, encontram-se em desenvolvimento, os projetos “Versus+: Heritage for People” do programa Europa Criativa, com participação de 4 países (2019-2023); e o projeto “SizaAtlas: Filling the gaps” projeto FCT, coordenado pelo ISCTE, com parceria da FAUP e da UPT (2021-2024). Devido ao desenvolvimento ativo de projetos, de formação e capacitação, de valorização e proteção de património vernáculo e de arquitetura de terra, a equipa foi outorgada, com a Cátedra UNESCO de “Arquitetura de Terra, Desenvolvimento Sustentável e Culturas Construtivas”, da UNITWIN e Chaire UNESCO da CRAterre; e é membro institucional da Rede Ibero-americana PROTERRA de arquitetura e construção com terra.

Resultados da pesquisa

A mostrar 1 - 9 de 9
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    Vernacular architecture and traditional urbanism in the World Heritage Cultural Landscape Property of Pico, in Azores (Portugal)
    2020 - Carlos, Gilberto Duarte; Sousa, Goreti; Correia, Mariana; Florentino, Rui
    The World Heritage Committee lists every year, several cultural sites as World Heritage properties. Some of these properties balance the notion of a landscape that bears combined works between nature and men, on which vernacular architecture is part of a local tradition of interaction with nature. The 3dPast research project is a European project, coordinated by Escola Superior Gallaecia and co-funded by the European Union, under the Creative Europe programme. The project studies and values vernacular knowledge of these unique places. In Portugal, the Pico landscape was listed as a World Heritage property due to the 500 years of history of local inhabitants adapting farming practices to produce wine, in a challenge environment and in a remote place in the middle of the Atlantic. This article aims to study, the history and the development of the island's architecture and urbanism, based on an ancestral way of life that is still alive nowadays. The scarcity of natural resources and the difficulties to travel between villages and islands emphasised the effects of insularity. However, the continuity of local culture, passed down through generations, created a strong identity, which is source of pride. The cultural landscape classified area includes about 987 hectares, from the parish of Criação Velha, on the south coast, to Santa Luzia, on the north side, covering part of two municipalities of Pico. The article first presents a brief historical background of the island. Following, it focuses on the evolution of human occupation, through the reading of population indicators and traditional architecture and urbanism, recognizing the unique cultural and landscape values within the property. Finally, it discusses the current regulatory framework on territorial planning, and the architectural and urban regulations in planning framework, with particular emphasis on processes and practices at different scales.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    Symbolic use of domestic space in the upper svanetian (Georgia). Vernacular House
    2020-09 - Sousa, Goreti; Alcindor, Mónica
    Upper Svaneti (Georgia) is a territory in almost permanent isolation amid the Caucasus mountain range. This strategic position, along with the military nature of its settlements made its defence so effective that Svaneti served as Georgia`s safehouse, protecting its chief historical and religious relics in times of crisis. This isolation also ensured the preservation of archaic cultural traditions and ancient rituals, such as animal sacrifices, ritual shaving and blood feuds, establishing what is known as popular religion. Some of these rituals, mainly those performed by women, take place in the domestic space. This paper, developed under the scope of the 3DPast project, aims to interpret the symbolic use of space in vernacular houses of Upper Svaneti. The methodological strategy combines architectonic survey with documental analysis and brings forward an interpretation of this vernacular house from a space anthropology perspective. The traditional svanetian house (machubi), is composed of a single volume, of rough quadrangular plan. The ground floor (machub) houses, during winter, the family and the cattle, while the upper floor (darbazi) was mostly used as the family residence during warmer periods. This analysis will focus specifically on the machub, where there are traces of the symbolic use of domestic space. The machub is composed of a single space with a central fireplace. This element is the axis of segmentation of female and male spaces inside the house. The present paper will address this gender-differentiated symbolic use of the domestic space through the scope of anthropology and of the Svanetian history.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    An overview of university and post-university education in vernacular architecture
    2023-11-29 - Andrade, Bruno; Sousa, Goreti; Ribeiro, Telma; Correia, Mariana; Lima, Ana
    One of the premises advocated by the two European projects – VerSus / Lessons from Vernacular Heritage to Sustainable Architecture and VerSus+ / Heritage for people – is that vernacular heritage, both in its tangible and intangible components, can teach invaluable lessons and principles concerning sustainable architecture. Vernacular architecture is indeed a good example concerning sustainability, since it fully integrates cultural, social, and economical aspects, but especially constructive traditions while respecting the surrounding nature and habitat. In order to reach the full potential of these lessons and assure vernacular heritage protection and survival in this fast-paced world, a strategy for its teaching and awareness is required. University training plays a central role in this outcome, since it can raise awareness for the values of vernacular architecture in the sustainable development of cities and communities. In this sense, this chapter will present a series of good practices of university education, associated with this important challenge.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    Vernacular architecture in Chazhashi Settlement, Upper Svaneti, Georgia
    2021 - Carlos, Gilberto Duarte; Sousa, Goreti; Correia, Mariana; Alcindor, Mónica
    Since 2006, Escola Superior Gallaecia (Portugal), University of Florence (Italy), and Universitat Politècnica de València (Spain), with partners as CRAterre-ENSAG (France), the University of Cagliari (Italy), and Ecole d’Avignon (France), have been working together, for the enhancement and protection of vernacular heritage and earthen architecture. As key-institutions in the area, they share high standards and common values, in order to address and achieve fundamental research, capacity building, learning experiences, relevant outcomes, contributing for a broader and deeper knowledge on vernacular heritage and earthen architecture. Several projects were developed among the partners, throughout the years. This was just possible by running together for European Union funded research, and successfully achieving it, by undertaking relevant contribution to knowledge, as well as comprehensive scientific dissemination. This was the case of the following projects: Terra Incognita (2006-2008); Earthen Domes & Habitat – A building tradition between East and West (2008-2010); Terra (in)cognita/Terra Europae (2009-2011: culture-terra-incognita.org); VerSus – From Vernacular Heritage to Sustainable Architecture (2012- 2014: esg.pt/versus); 3DPAST – Living and virtual visiting European World Heritage (2016-2020: esg.pt/3dpast); and VERSUS+ | Heritage for People (2019-2023: esg.pt/versus-plus). Other key-projects have been also developed through National Funding Agencies for Science, Research and Technology as it was the case of: Seismic-V – Local Seismic Culture in Portugal (esg.pt/seismic-v); PRIN – Scientific, experimental and tacit knowledge and conservation actions of Earthen Architectural Heritage in Southern Italy; ResTAPIA – Restoration of rammed earth in Iberia Peninsula (www.restapia. es); SOStierra – Restoration and Rehabilitation of traditional earthen architecture in Iberia Peninsula (sostierra.blogs.upv.es) and RISK-Terra (https://riskterra.blogs.upv.es); among others. The focus of the distinct researches was to address: a state of the art of earthen architecture in Europe (both Terra Incognita projects); to define principles from vernacular heritage that contribute to sustainable architecture (VerSus project & VERSUS+ project); to enhance the quality of vernacular architecture and its World Heritage character (3DPAST); to distinguish seismic retrofitting in vernacular architecture, in order to pro-actively strength dwellings facing earthquakes (Seismic-V).
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    Vernacular architecture in Chazhashi settlement, Upper Svaneti, Georgia
    2021 - Bermudez, Teresa; Carlos, Gilberto Duarte; Sousa, Goreti; Correia, Mariana; Alcindor, Mónica
    The Ushguli territory is located in the Upper Svaneti region, in Georgia. Its occupation is particularly influenced by the Enguri River course. The river Enguri is born in the Caucasian mountain chain, formed by the glaciers of the Shkhara peak, the Georgian highest point (5068m). From a geographical perspective, the high valley conformed by the Engury stream constitutes the fundamental axis for the implantation of the four historical settlements that are part of Usghuli area, listed as World Heritage, since 1996 (UNESCO-WHC, 1996). [...]
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    The traditional cultural landscape of Pico Island and its vernacular architecture, Portugal
    2021 - Bermudez, Teresa; Costa, Manuel P.; Correia, Mariana; Florentino, Rui; Alcindor, Mónica; Carlos, Gilberto Duarte; Sousa, Goreti
    In the middle of the Atlantic Ocean is located the Azores archipelago, composed by nine volcanic islands. Pico island was the seventh to be discovered by Portuguese sailors, during the 15th century. Its name is due to the pyramidal form of its mountain, a geological volcano reaching 2.351 meters, the highest mountain in Portuguese territory (Costa, 1997). Pico island has an amazing vineyard culture, especially in its western coastline. The exceptional landscape character granted to Pico a World Heritage status in 2004.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    The contribution of the architect Pascuala Campos to the implementation of a gender perspective in the galician context
    2020-07-09 - Fernández Cruces, Ainoa; Sousa, Goreti; Correia, Mariana; Guerreiro, Paulo
    The incorporation of women in society, as active professionals, was probably one of the most important parameters of modernity in the last century. Until the beginning of the twentieth century, women who entered the world of architecture were, generally, assigned to the design of domestic interiors. Thus, they were always in the background, which contributed to the concealment of the female gender perspective in architecture and an incomplete vision of its history. The general purpose of this article is to address the implicit problematic of the female contribution to architecture, through a theoretical reflection that aims at recognizing the relevant impact of Pascuala Campos’s work to the discipline in Galicia, Spain. The Spanish social and architectonic contexts, as well as the biography of Pascuala Campos, are analyzed to better understand her theoretical and architectonic production. The analysis combines data from different sources, mainly documental research, interviews, and architectonic surveys. The basic principles stressed in the theoretical production of Pascuala Campos are thus identified and served as analytic categories for the survey of the Combarro Urban Intervention. These results allowed the identification of concepts and projected guidelines interpreted as gender perspective-oriented.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    La contribución de la arquitecta Pascuala Campos en la implementación de la perspectiva de género en el contexto Gallego [abstract]
    2021 - Fernández Cruces, Ainoa; Sousa, Goreti; Correia, Mariana; Guerreiro, Paulo
    Pascuala Campos de Michelena fue pionera en varios aspectos de la arquitectura gallega. Ella fue la primera arquitecta reconocida por su trabajo profesional, la primera a la que le asignaron una Cátedra en Arquitectura y Diseño Urbano en una universidad española y también pionera en su labor cívica luchando por los derechos de la mujer. [...]
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    Women archaeologists’ contributions to uncovering the Pre- and Proto-Historical Occupation of Northern Portugal
    2024-06-19 - Silva, Fátima Matos; Sousa, Goreti
    The history of women archaeologists in Portugal and their contribution to the development of the discipline is yet to be studied. However, in recent years, some articles published in Portugal have contributed to the construction of this history. Some of these are from the year 2020, and although the coronavirus pandemic has affected the progress of these investigations, especially regarding fieldwork. Generally, these are quantitative studies based on the number of publications by women archaeologists and their references and interviews in newspapers. These articles, which require significant time for database analysis, have not yet explained the existing gaps. It is not the scope of this paper to pursue this quantitative scope; instead, it intends to conduct a qualitative analysis of the contribution of women archaeologists to the development of prehistoric studies in Northern Portugal. To achieve this goal, we are focusing on analysing the doctoral theses developed by women concerning pre- and proto-historic archaeology in Northern Portugal. With this evaluation, we intend to contribute to the history of Portuguese women’s archaeology and, at the same time, highlight their methodological and conceptual achievements.