Rodrigues, Pedro F. S.

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Rodrigues

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Pedro F. S.

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Pedro F. S. Rodrigues

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Pedro F. S. Rodrigues é psicólogo clínico, com trabalho clínico em crianças, jovens-adultos e idosos. Doutorado em Psicologia, Mestre em Psicologia Clínica e da Saúde e Licenciado em Psicologia (graus atribuídos pela Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal). A sua investigação recorre sobretudo a procedimentos experimentais em diversos temas de investigação, como a relação indivíduo/ambiente, memória, atenção, distração, funções executivas e desenvolvimento cognitivo humano; tem também traduzido e validado instrumentos clínicos. Atualmente é Professor Auxiliar no Departamento de Psicologia e Educação da Universidade Portucalense, Porto e Coordenador da Licenciatura em Psicologia da mesma Universidade. Pedro F. S. Rodrigues is a clinical psychologist, with clinical work in children, young-adults and older adults. PhD in Psychology, Master in Clinical and Health Psychology and BSc in Psychology (degrees awarded by the University of Aveiro, Portugal). His research mainly use experimental procedures in several research issues, such as surrounding individual-environment relationship, memory, attention, distraction, executive functions and human cognitive development; He has also translated and validated clinical tools. He is currently Assistant Professor at the Department of Psychology and Education - Portucalense University, Oporto, and Coordinator of the Bachelor's Degree in Psychology. Afiliação: I2P - Instituto Portucalense de Psicologia. DPE - Departamento de Psicologia e Educação .

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CINTESIS.UPT - Centro de Investigação em Tecnologias e Serviços de Saúde
Centro de Investigação em Tecnologias e Serviços de Saúde (CINTESIS.UPT), former I2P, is an R&D unit devoted to the study of cognition and behaviour in context. With an interdisciplinary focus, namely on Education, Translational and Applied Psychology

Resultados da pesquisa

A mostrar 1 - 10 de 36
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    The Brief Peer Conflict Scale: Psychometric characterization across Portuguese adolescents and young adults
    2023-03 - Pandeirada, Josefa N. S.; Rodrigues, Pedro F. S.; Vagos, Paula
    Introduction/Aims: The Brief Peer Conflict Scale (Brief PCS) measures aggressive behavior as a multidimensional construct associated with diverse forms (i.e., overt and relational) and functions (i.e., reactive and proactive). Its psychometric properties have been assessed in adolescent and young adult samples, but these groups have not been compared before. This work aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the Brief PCS across Portuguese community samples of adolescents and young adults. Methods: A sample of 891 participants (54.9%) aged 12 to 25 years old (M=16.69, SD=2.97) responded to the Brief PCS. Of those, 477 composed the adolescent sample (50.7% female) aged 12 to 17 years old (M=14.30, SD=1.43) and 414 constituted the young adult sample (67.1% female) aged 18 to 25 years old (M=19.43, SD=1.5). Results: Confirmatory factor analyses replicated the four-factor measurement model (i.e., proactive overt, reactive overt, proactive relational, and reactive relational aggression) as a good fit for the adolescent and the young adult samples taken separately, though using only 16 of the original 20 items. Acceptable internal consistency values were found for all four measures. Strong measurement invariance based on age-groups (i.e., adolescents and young adults) was found. Adolescents were overall more aggressive than young adults. Conclusions: This work provides psychometric properties of the Brief PCS to measure the combinations of the forms and functions of aggression invariantly across adolescents and young adults. The Brief PCS was sensitive to detect age-based differences in the practice of aggression. Its use to explore developmental trajectories of aggression seems justifiable.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    Sala decorada – aprendizagem danificada? Um paradigma para o estudo da influência de elementos (ir)relevantes da sala de aula
    2023-03-31 - Coelho, Sónia; Fernandes, Sara M.; Rodrigues, Pedro F. S.
    A distração visual é amplamente estudada com diversos tipos de tarefas e em diversos grupos etários. Contudo, a influência que um ambiente circundante pode ter no desempenho cognitivo dos indivíduos tem sido mais recentemente explorada, mas ainda com muitas questões por responder. Rodrigues e Pandeirada conduziram estudos com crianças dos 8-12 anos (2018) e com adolescentes dos 13-17 anos (2019) com o objetivo de perceberem a influência do ambiente visual circundante no desempenho obtido em tarefas cognitivas básicas (e.g., blocos de corsi e go/no-go). Os resultados indicaram que os elementos visuais presentes no ambiente circundante influenciaram o desempenho dos participantes: no ambiente com alta carga visual os participantes apresentaram resultados inferiores quando comparados com as tarefas realizadas no ambiente sem elementos visuais. Contudo, pouco se sabe sobre o efeito de ambientes visuais circundantes, quando os elementos visuais estão relacionados ou não relacionados com tarefas de aprendizagem escolar. O objetivo principal deste projeto foi perceber o efeito do ambiente visual circundante no desempenho obtido por crianças (idade escolar: 7-10 anos) em tarefas escolares. Para o efeito, pretendeu-se: 1) Manipular o fundo/paredes da sala de aula com diferentes elementos visuais (elementos relacionados vs. não relacionados com os conteúdos a aprender); 2) Perceber o efeito dessa manipulação ambiental no desempenho obtido por crianças dos 7 aos 10 anos de idade (ensino básico) em tarefas escolares. Neste poster apresenta-se o paradigma experimental utilizado neste projeto e alguns resultados preliminares, discutidos à luz das teorias existentes.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    Morningness–eveningness preferences in Portuguese adolescents: Adaptation and psychometric validity of the H&O questionnaire
    2016-01 - Pandeirada, Josefa N. S.; Marinho, Patrícia I.; Bem-haja, Pedro; Silva, Carlos F.; Ribeiro, Lígia; Fernandes, Natália Lisandra; Rodrigues, Pedro F. S.
    Throughout development individuals vary in their circadian preferences. One of the most notable changes occurs during adolescence when individuals tend to become progressively more evening-oriented. This is a critical age period to be studied given that eveningness preferences seem to relate with physical, psychological and social problems, whereas the most morning-oriented individuals tend to be protected against these problems. The aim of this study was to adapt and present the psychometric validity of the Morningness–Eveningness Questionnaire (Horne & Östberg, 1976) to Portuguese adolescents (12–14 years old). To this end, 300 adolescents responded to the questionnaire which was initially translated, re-translated, and then subject to a think-aloud procedure. Overall, the psychometric measures were positive. We found no significant effect of sex on the circadian preferences and a tendency for increased eveningness as age progresses, especially in males. We discuss our results in light of the existing literature.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    Relation between subjective and objective (working) memory in young and older adults
    2023-03 - Babo, Ana; Rodrigues, Pedro F. S.
    Introduction/Aims: The relation between autobiographical memory and memory complaints has been widely studied. Results has been inconsistent and explained by several factors (e.g., age, emotional state, nature of the tasks). On other hand, the relation between subjective memory complaints and working memory is sparsely studied. The current work aimed to understand the relation between subjective memory complaints and objective memory tasks, specifically visuospatial tasks and immediate evocation. Method: The sample consisted of 80 participants: 40 young adults aged between 18 and 35 years and 40 older adults aged 65 years or over. The following instruments and tasks were applied: Sociodemographic Questionnaire, Subjective Memory Complaints Questionnaire, Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), objective memory tasks (i.e., digit span; word span; colors span and corsi blocks), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).Results: The results indicated the existence of significant differences in subjective memory complaints between young adults and older adults. The results also indicated that individuals with higher levels of depression had more subjective memory complaints, and this fact was particularly evident in the older adults. Conclusion: The study indicates that there is a relation between subjective memory complaints and results obtained in objective tasks among young adults and older adults. It also indicates that there are differences between age groups in subjective memory complaints. However, the depression variable may be a contributing factor to the emergence of these subjective memory complaints.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    Os (des)arranjos da memória no testemunho
    2021-02-01 - Albuquerque, Pedro B.; Pandeirada, Josefa N. S.; Rodrigues, Pedro F. S.
    A Psicologia do Testemunho é uma das áreas da Psicologia da Justiça, cuja evolução e investimento crescente têm constituído o mote para a identificação de problemas e para a possível resolução dos mesmos, com vista à diminuição de erros judiciais. Tem-se assistido a uma maior preocupação em levar a cabo investigações que pretendem abranger questões de grande complexidade e preencher lacunas, ao nível da sistematização do conhecimento científico internacional e da sua aplicabilidade e adequabilidade ao panorama português.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    Task demands and sentence reading comprehension among healthy older adults: The complementary roles of cognitive reserve and working memory
    2023-03-01 - Martín-Aragoneses, María Teresa; Mejuto, Gema; Río, David del; López-Higes, Ramón; Fernandes, Sara M.; Rodrigues, Pedro F. S.
    Ageing entails different functional brain changes. Education, reading experience, and leisure activities, among others, might contribute to the maintenance of cognitive performance among older adults and are conceptualised as proxies for cognitive reserve. However, ageing also conveys a depletion of working memory capacity, which adversely impacts language comprehension. This study investigated how cognitive reserve proxies and working memory jointly predict the performance of healthy older adults in a sentence reading comprehension task, and how their predictive value changes depending on sentence structure and task demands. Cognitively healthy older adults (n = 120) completed a sentence–picture verification task under two conditions: concurrent viewing of the sentence and picture or their sequential presentation, thereby imposing greater demands on working memory. They also completed a questionnaire on cognitive reserve proxies as well as a verbal working memory test. The sentence structure was manipulated by altering the canonical word order and modifying the amount of propositional information. While the cognitive reserve was the main predictor in the concurrent condition, the predictive role of working memory increased under the sequential presentation, particularly for complex sentences. These findings highlight the complementary roles played by cognitive reserve and working memory in the reading comprehension of older adults.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    The impact of COVID-19 on memory: Recognition for masked and unmasked faces
    2022-10-06 - Guerra, Natália; Pinto, Raquel; Mendes, Pedro S.; Albuquerque, Pedro B.; Rodrigues, Pedro F. S.
    Considering the current state of the worldwide pandemic, it is still common to encounter people wearing face protection masks. Although a safety measure against COVID-19, face masks might be compromising our capacity for face recognition. We conducted an online study where 140 participants observed masked and unmasked faces in a within-subjects design and then performed a recognition memory task. The best performance was found when there were no masks either at study and test phase, i.e., at the congruent unmasked condition. The worst performance was found for faces encoded with a mask but tested without it (i.e., masked-unmasked incongruent condition), which can be explained by the disruption in holistic face processing and the violation of the encoding specificity principle. Interestingly, considering the unmasked-masked incongruent condition, performance was probably affected by the violation of the encoding specificity principle but protected by holistic processing that occurred during encoding.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    When visual stimulation of the surrounding environment affects children’s cognitive performance
    2018-08-24 - Pandeirada, Josefa N. S.; Rodrigues, Pedro F. S.
    Visual distraction is widely studied in children, particularly in visuospatial cognitive tasks. In these studies, targets and distractors are usually shown in the same display (e.g., the computer screen). However, children are constantly exposed to visually enriched environments (e.g., elementary school classrooms), and little is known about their influence on children’s cognition. Although the importance of the surrounding environment is well recognized in the literature, few experimental studies have explored this question. We propose an alternative paradigm to study visual distraction in children that brings together the rigor of experimental psychology and more ecological validity on the exposure to potential environmental distractors. Our study was designed to investigate whether a high-load versus low-load visual surrounding environment influences children’s cognitive performance as evaluated by four different cognitive tasks. A sample of 64 children (aged 8–12 years) completed two sessions in two environmental conditions: a high-load visual surrounding environment and a low-load environment. In each session, they performed visuospatial attention and memory tasks. Overall, the results suggested that the high-load visual environment affected children’s cognitive performance given that children performed better in the low-load visual environment (e.g., higher percentage of hits, higher Corsi span). Understanding the impact that a visually rich surrounding environment has on children’s cognitive processes that support more complex ones is important to support recommendations on how the environment should be organized to foster better daily activities.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    Everyday Memory Questionnaire [13-Items]: Pilot Study for Portuguese Population
    2023-05 - Ribeiro, Bruna; Fernandes, Sara M.; Rodrigues, Pedro F. S.
    Background: Subjective Memory Complaints (SMCs) are ever more frequent and are shown to be important in helping identify the probability of future cognitive impairment or the subsequent development of dementia (Glodzik-Sobanska et al., 2007). Various variables have been shown to promote the appearance of these complaints such as emotional and psychological characteristics. In Portugal, questionnaires to assess SMCs are scarce. Objectives: This study aimed to translate and characterize the Everyday Memory Questionnaire (EMQ-13; Royle & Lincoln, 2007) for Portuguese population; this will look to combat the shortage of instruments available for this population. Methods: This study comprised of around 300 participants (young- and older-adults), drawn from several different institutions. The participants were screened using various instruments to measure the variables (e.g., depression and anxiety; Yin et al., 2021) associated with memory complaints (as measured by the EMQ-13). Results: We present an initial psychometric characterization of the EMQ-13 to European Portuguese population, specifically results of internal consistency and reliability. Conclusions: This research provides a European Portuguese version of the EMQ-13 items, a valid instrument to assess subjective memory complaints and a validated tool for health professionals and researchers.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    Attention and working memory in elderly: the influence of a distracting environment
    2015 - Pandeirada, Josefa N. S.; Rodrigues, Pedro F. S.
    The present work investigated the effect of a distracting environment in the performance of attentional and working memory (WM) tasks in elderly participants. To this end, forty elderly performed two attentional tasks (simple reaction time and go/no-go tasks), and three WM tasks (arithmetic, memory for digits and sequences of letters and numbers). Each participant performed the tasks in a distracting and a non-distracting environment, with an interval of 14-21 days between sessions. The results revealed better performance in the attentional tasks when these were done in the non-distracting environment, as compared to when they were done in the distracting environment. Specifically, participants provided more accurate responses, fewer false alarms and omissions when responding in the non-distracting environment than when responding in the distracting environment. Participants were also faster at providing correct responses in the go/no-go task when it was performed in the non-distracting environment. As for the memory tasks, the effect of type of environment was significant only in the memory for digits in a forward direction task. Our data suggest the need to consider the potential damaging consequences of distracting environments when the elderly have to perform tasks that demand their attention. Specific examples of such situations are presented in the discussion (e.g., distracting effect of environment on medical and on psychological evaluations).