Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Jefferson Scale of empathy: Making sense of the total score through a second order confirmatory factor analysis.

dc.contributor.authorFerreira-Valente, M. Alexandra
dc.contributor.authorCosta, Patrício
dc.contributor.authorElorduy, Marta
dc.contributor.authorVirumbrales, Montserrat
dc.contributor.authorCosta, Manuel João
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-11T10:57:07Z
dc.date.available2016-10-11T10:57:07Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.description.abstractBackground Empathy is a key aspect of the physician-patient interactions. The Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE) is one of the most used empathy measures of medical students. The development of cross-cultural empathy studies depends on valid and reliable translations of the JSE. This study sought to: (1) adapt and assess the psychometric properties in Spanish students of the Spanish JSE validated in Mexican students; (2) test a second order latent factor model. Methods The Spanish JSE was adapted from the Spanish JSE-S, resulting in a final version of the measure. A non-probabilistic sample of 1104 medical students of two Spanish medical schools completed a socio-demographic and the Spanish JSE-S. Descriptive statistics, along with a confirmatory factor analysis, the average variance extracted (AVE), Cronbach’s alphas and composite reliability (CR) coefficients were computed. An independent samples t-test was performed to access sex differences. Results The Spanish JSE-S demonstrated acceptable to good sensitivity (individual items – except for item 2 – and JSE-S total score: −2.72 < Sk < 0.35 and −0.77 < Ku < 7.85), convergent validity (AVE: between 0.28 and 0.45) and reliability (Cronbach’s alphas: between 0.62 and 0.78; CR: between 0.62 and 0.87). The confirmatory factor analysis supported the three-factor solution and the second order latent factor model. Conclusions The findings provide support for the sensitivity, construct validity and reliability of the adapted Spanish JSE-S with Spanish medical students. Data confirm the hypothesized second order latent factor model. This version may be useful in future research examining empathy in Spanish medical students, as well as in cross-cultural studies.pt_PT
dc.identifier.citationFerreira-Valente, M. A., Costa, P., Eorduy, M., et al. (2016). Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Jefferson Scale of empathy: Making sense of the total score through a second order confirmatory factor analysis. BMC Medical Education, 16(242).pt_PT
dc.identifier.doidoi: 10.1186/s12909-016-0763-5pt_PT
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11328/1609
dc.language.isoengpt_PT
dc.peerreviewedyespt_PT
dc.rightsopen accesspt_PT
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/pt_PT
dc.subjectEmpathypt_PT
dc.subjectMedical studentspt_PT
dc.subjectValidity and reliabilitypt_PT
dc.subjectSecond order confirmatory factor analysispt_PT
dc.subjectGenderpt_PT
dc.titlePsychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Jefferson Scale of empathy: Making sense of the total score through a second order confirmatory factor analysis.pt_PT
dc.typejournal articlept_PT
degois.publication.firstPage1pt_PT
degois.publication.issue242pt_PT
degois.publication.lastPage12pt_PT
degois.publication.titleBMC Medical Education.pt_PT
degois.publication.volume16pt_PT
dspace.entity.typePublicationen
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