Personality and perceptions about the use of personal responsibility for illness as a health care rationing criteria

dc.contributor.authorPinho, Micaela
dc.contributor.authorAraújo, Alexandra M.
dc.date.accessioned2022-09-13T12:02:25Z
dc.date.available2022-09-13T12:02:25Z
dc.date.issued2022-09
dc.descriptionO registo encontra-se visível no REMIT e no INPP.
dc.description.abstractWhenever the demand for health care exceeds existing resources, rationing becomes imperative. Current lifestyle-induced illnesses increase the pressure on health systems and actualize the discussion concerning the relevance of personal responsibility in health care allocation decisions. In a publicly financed health care system, it is important that priority-setting decisions reflect social values. This article explores whether personality traits such as dispositional optimism and tolerance, as well as healthy behaviors, influence preferences for the prioritization of patients based on their lifestyles. An online questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample of 581 Portuguese citizens. Quantitative data analysis was performed through structural equation modeling. The results showed that optimism is positively related to the acceptance of personal responsibility as a bedside rationing criterion, whereas tolerance indicated compassion for the illness of others and, therefore, better adherence to the externalization of responsibility and less responsiveness to accountability. Furthermore, personality did not affect respondents’ predisposition to pursue healthy lifestyles, while it turned out to be a more important predictor than healthy behaviors for setting priorities among patients based on personal responsibility. Personality traits like optimism and tolerance proved to be important factors driving social values for health care rationing decisions.pt_PT
dc.identifier.citationPinho, M., & Araújo, A. M. (2022). Personality and perceptions about the use of personal responsibility for illness as a health care rationing criteria. Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology and Economics, 15(3), 137-151. https://doi.org/10.1037/npe0000160. Repositório Institucional UPT. http://hdl.handle.net/11328/4476pt_PT
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1037/npe0000160pt_PT
dc.identifier.issn1937-321X (Print)
dc.identifier.issn2151-318X (Electronic)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11328/4476
dc.language.isoengpt_PT
dc.peerreviewedyespt_PT
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Associationpt_PT
dc.rightsrestricted accesspt_PT
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/pt_PT
dc.subjectPersonalitypt_PT
dc.subjectPerceptionspt_PT
dc.subjectHealth carept_PT
dc.titlePersonality and perceptions about the use of personal responsibility for illness as a health care rationing criteriapt_PT
dc.typejournal articlept_PT
degois.publication.firstPage137pt_PT
degois.publication.issue3pt_PT
degois.publication.lastPage151pt_PT
degois.publication.titleJournal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economicspt_PT
degois.publication.volume15pt_PT
dspace.entity.typePublicationen
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