Attention and working memory in elderly: the influence of a distracting environment

dc.contributor.authorPandeirada, Josefa N. S.
dc.contributor.authorRodrigues, Pedro F. S.
dc.date.accessioned2022-09-12T11:26:01Z
dc.date.available2022-09-12T11:26:01Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.description.abstractThe present work investigated the effect of a distracting environment in the performance of attentional and working memory (WM) tasks in elderly participants. To this end, forty elderly performed two attentional tasks (simple reaction time and go/no-go tasks), and three WM tasks (arithmetic, memory for digits and sequences of letters and numbers). Each participant performed the tasks in a distracting and a non-distracting environment, with an interval of 14-21 days between sessions. The results revealed better performance in the attentional tasks when these were done in the non-distracting environment, as compared to when they were done in the distracting environment. Specifically, participants provided more accurate responses, fewer false alarms and omissions when responding in the non-distracting environment than when responding in the distracting environment. Participants were also faster at providing correct responses in the go/no-go task when it was performed in the non-distracting environment. As for the memory tasks, the effect of type of environment was significant only in the memory for digits in a forward direction task. Our data suggest the need to consider the potential damaging consequences of distracting environments when the elderly have to perform tasks that demand their attention. Specific examples of such situations are presented in the discussion (e.g., distracting effect of environment on medical and on psychological evaluations).pt_PT
dc.identifier.citationRodrigues, P. F. S., & Pandeirada, J. N. S. (2015). Attention and working memory in elderly: the influence of a distracting environment. Cognitive Processing, 16, 97-109. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10339-014-0628-y. Repositório Institucional UPT. http://hdl.handle.net/11328/4471pt_PT
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10339-014-0628-ypt_PT
dc.identifier.issn1612-4790 (Online)
dc.identifier.issn1612-4782 (Print)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11328/4471
dc.language.isoengpt_PT
dc.peerreviewedyespt_PT
dc.publisherSpringer Verlagpt_PT
dc.rightsopen accesspt_PT
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/pt_PT
dc.subjectElderlypt_PT
dc.subjectDistracting environmentpt_PT
dc.subjectAttentionpt_PT
dc.subjectSelective attentionpt_PT
dc.subjectWorking memorypt_PT
dc.titleAttention and working memory in elderly: the influence of a distracting environmentpt_PT
dc.typejournal articlept_PT
degois.publication.firstPage97pt_PT
degois.publication.lastPage109pt_PT
degois.publication.titleCognitive Processingpt_PT
degois.publication.volume16pt_PT
dspace.entity.typePublicationen
person.affiliation.nameI2P - Instituto Portucalense de Psicologia
person.familyNameRodrigues
person.givenNamePedro F. S.
person.identifier.ciencia-idA619-A232-5DDC
person.identifier.orcid0000-0002-4155-0987
person.identifier.ridL-3459-2017
person.identifier.scopus-author-id56585404500
relation.isAuthorOfPublication124a51b7-65ee-492d-94e8-6aa833e83d36
relation.isAuthorOfPublication.latestForDiscovery124a51b7-65ee-492d-94e8-6aa833e83d36

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