Alcindor, Mónica

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Mónica Alcindor Huelva
Doutoramento em Arquitetura na Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya- UPC, Espanha (2011). Graduada em Antropologia Social e Cultural na Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia – UNED, Espanya (2019). Pós-graduação em técnicas de intervenção patrimoniais na UPC, Barcelona, Espanha (2010). Diploma de Estudos Avançados em Construção, Restauro e Reabilitação Arquitectónica (2007). Licenciatura em Arquitetura na Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Sevilha-ETSAS, Espanha (1999). Afiliação: CIAUD-UPT—Branch of CIAUD Research Center, Departamento Arquitetura e Multimédia Gallaecia. CIAUD, Research Centre for Architecture, Urbanism and Design, Lisbon School of Architecture, Universidade de Lisboa.
Projetos de investigação
Unidades organizacionais
CIAUD-UPT - Centro de Investigação em Arquitetura, Urbanismo e Design
O Centro de Investigação Gallaecia é responsável pela investigação e produção científica do DAMG. A equipa tem ganho regularmente financiamento para projetos de investigação, como coordenador ou parceiro, em candidaturas da FCT (projeto SEISMIC-V), programa Cultura 2000 (projeto VerSus) ou da Europa Criativa (projeto 3DPAST). A equipa realiza igualmente, consultoria e prestação de serviços a Municípios, assim como apoio às comunidades nas Juntas de Freguesia e Santa Casa da Misericórdia. Os principais projetos de investigação ganhos e coordenados pela equipa têm sido dedicados sobretudo a património vernáculo, arquitetura de terra, Património Mundial e multimédia. Atualmente, encontram-se em desenvolvimento, os projetos “Versus+: Heritage for People” do programa Europa Criativa, com participação de 4 países (2019-2023); e o projeto “SizaAtlas: Filling the gaps” projeto FCT, coordenado pelo ISCTE, com parceria da FAUP e da UPT (2021-2024). Devido ao desenvolvimento ativo de projetos, de formação e capacitação, de valorização e proteção de património vernáculo e de arquitetura de terra, a equipa foi outorgada, com a Cátedra UNESCO de “Arquitetura de Terra, Desenvolvimento Sustentável e Culturas Construtivas”, da UNITWIN e Chaire UNESCO da CRAterre; e é membro institucional da Rede Ibero-americana PROTERRA de arquitetura e construção com terra.

Resultados da pesquisa

A mostrar 1 - 8 de 8
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Restrito
    Trust and reputation smart contracts for explainable recommendations
    2020-05-18 - Leal, Fátima; Veloso, Bruno; Malheiro, Benedita; González-Vélez, Horacio; Alcindor, Mónica
    Recommendation systems are usually evaluated through accuracy and classification metrics. However, when these systems are supported by crowdsourced data, such metrics are unable to estimate data authenticity, leading to potential unreliability. Consequently, it is essential to ensure data authenticity and processing transparency in large crowdsourced recommendation systems. In this work, processing transparency is achieved by explaining recommendations and data authenticity is ensured via blockchain smart contracts. The proposed method models the pairwise trust and system-wide reputation of crowd contributors; stores the contributor models as smart contracts in a private Ethereum network; and implements a recommendation and explanation engine based on the stored contributor trust and reputation smart contracts. In terms of contributions, this paper explores trust and reputation smart contracts for explainable recommendations. The experiments, which were performed with a crowdsourced data set from Expedia, showed that the proposed method provides cost-free processing transparency and data authenticity at the cost of latency.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    Para onde vai Portugal [artigo de imprensa]
    2021-10 - Carvalho, João M. S.; Alcindor, Mónica
    Nos últimos 60 anos, as taxas de crescimento real do Produto Interno Bruto absoluto e per capita têm caído de forma sustentável. [...]
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    Materials through symbolic lens: The meaning of glass in Western Architecture
    2021-03 - Alcindor, Mónica; Alcindor, Mónica
    Buildings, techniques and materials with which spaces and volumes have been created and defined are part of the architectural heritage, considered as material heritage. However, a more careful analysis allows us to grasp that it is much more than material heritage since it is actually the petrification of a cultural moment. One of the keys to fundamental understanding is the meaning of material heritage as a result of a social structure that organizes and guides the modes of production, daily practices, lifestyles, and their meanings. But the existing separation between different types of heritage resulting from the Western mental structures marked by a strong dichotomy that governs the analysis of any matter can force a classification that avoids polyhedral analysis that the material heritage could offer. The dualism of "object" and "subject" requires re-consideration, in order to visualize the deep interrelationship between these two concepts. The material heritage is inscribed in a specific space-time framework materialized in a certain place and situation. That is, the subset of differences was selected that more strongly reflect the borders of the difference of one culture over another in its multiple dimensions. Therefore, in the analysis of material heritage, socially structured and specific historical contexts and processes must be taken into account as they affect the production and transmission of symbolic forms. The aim of this paper is to concentrate particularly on attributing meanings to materials. It is crucial to realize that several aspects (function, use, context, user, etc.) can be effective in attributing meanings to materials and they should be taken into consideration for understanding the selection process since it is paramount to focus towards the intangible aspects in materials selection activity as well. So, materials’ uses demand a holistic analyze from multiple dimensions to be understood in deep. One of them is symbolic analyze. This article aims to address the study of the symbolic meaning of glass throughout time in architectures through the revision of literature. Delving beyond the visual level, we are able to discern the "embedding "of constructive action in networks of interpersonal connections and particularly, cultural conditions. Through the analysis of a material, it is possible is to analyze society itself with changing roles in its reciprocal relationship with the environment in a face-to-face community and with a complex social organization, a long past, an uncertain future and a cultural heritage that unfolds (Alcindor, Lima & Alcindor-Huelva). The symbolic perspective in analysis offers a way of understanding materials and their life stories; economies and their networks of trust and obligation; the co-production of people with their environments. The intention of opening the lens through which all these material issues are seeking to incorporate a holistic point of view, namely, the way of thinking that reconstructs a totality of relationships between people and their products since any designer creates and constructs his objects imbued by the forms of social actions existing in daily practices that are always located in a space and time and therefore within a framework of political, social and economic conditions. Therefore, they do not act “freely” since the structures of action enter within the individual through rules and principles that guide us in our practices in an unconscious way.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    Symbolic use of domestic space in the upper svanetian (Georgia). Vernacular House
    2020-09 - Sousa, Goreti; Alcindor, Mónica; Alcindor, Mónica
    Upper Svaneti (Georgia) is a territory in almost permanent isolation amid the Caucasus mountain range. This strategic position, along with the military nature of its settlements made its defence so effective that Svaneti served as Georgia`s safehouse, protecting its chief historical and religious relics in times of crisis. This isolation also ensured the preservation of archaic cultural traditions and ancient rituals, such as animal sacrifices, ritual shaving and blood feuds, establishing what is known as popular religion. Some of these rituals, mainly those performed by women, take place in the domestic space. This paper, developed under the scope of the 3DPast project, aims to interpret the symbolic use of space in vernacular houses of Upper Svaneti. The methodological strategy combines architectonic survey with documental analysis and brings forward an interpretation of this vernacular house from a space anthropology perspective. The traditional svanetian house (machubi), is composed of a single volume, of rough quadrangular plan. The ground floor (machub) houses, during winter, the family and the cattle, while the upper floor (darbazi) was mostly used as the family residence during warmer periods. This analysis will focus specifically on the machub, where there are traces of the symbolic use of domestic space. The machub is composed of a single space with a central fireplace. This element is the axis of segmentation of female and male spaces inside the house. The present paper will address this gender-differentiated symbolic use of the domestic space through the scope of anthropology and of the Svanetian history.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    Ethnography applied to the architectural designs studio
    2023-02-12 - Alcindor, Mónica; Alcindor, Mónica
    Architects have a clear influence on their relationships through the buildings they make, but they usually have tacit knowledge of these anthropological issues when they provide architectural solutions being able to marginalize both the meanings of the place and an in-depth analysis of the social nature of the existing spaces which are inseparable from the technical, constructive and typological characteristics in a general architectural way. It is defined an ethnographic methodology based on the assumption that the knowledge of reality is always polyhedral and is enriched by the confluence of different perspectives, strengthening joint action as a community. The goal of the development of this methodology is to provide the architect with a valuable working tool in an attempt to overcome the difficulties involved in giving and strengthening local relevance and to capture the factors that are significant for the community to which it is intended to provide a service.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    Ethos through traditional construction processes: Historical development between community builder in the Minho Area of the North-western Iberian Peninsula and Pico Island in the Azores
    2021-10-06 - Alcindor, Mónica; Lima, Ana Isabel; Alcindor-Huelva, Patricia; Alcindor, Mónica
    This article analyses the developmental transitions in traditional construction processes in two very different but historically related contexts: the Island of Pico in the Azores and the Minho Area in the North-western Iberian Peninsula. The Pico Island, with a young geology, presents a serious limitation of available material resources, and resulting in a markedly individualistic approach to building. The Iberian Peninsula, on the other hand, with an abundance of material resources, presents a strongly collective approach to the organization of building works. This paper described the forms of organization necessary to achieve similar constructive systems, with the objective of making different material realities visible in the ethos of both. Activity-theoretical studies put an emphasis on the object enabling a longitudinal and rich analysis through time. A specific contribution in outlining the historical transformation of work of the community builder is made by using the life stories of two builders, one in Pico and another in the Minho Area, serving as the guiding thread. The paper shows that activity theory provides useful analytical tools for the enrichment of studies in constructive systems.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    Técnicas de diagnóstico cualitativo para la regeneración urbana
    2024-04-01 - Alcindor, Mónica
    El arquitecto, entendido como el responsable de la construcción de artefactos, así como de diferentes modificaciones que definen nuestro medio espacial, tiene una clara influencia en nuestras relaciones a través de las intervenciones que propone. El arquitecto debe tener en cuenta todos los que de un modo u otro se verán afectados con su intervención, sobre todo en el caso de la regeneración urbana como escenario de la vida social. Mediante el uso de técnicas de diagnóstico social es posible acceder a tener una visión poliédrica de las cosmovisiones de todos los actores que forman parte del lugar de intervención. Estas técnicas se basan en que la comprensión del conocimiento de la realidad siempre es poliédrico y se enriquece con la confluencia de distintas perspectivas al mismo tiempo que se fortalece la acción conjunta como comunidad.
  • PublicaçãoAcesso Aberto
    The traditional cultural landscape of Pico Island and its vernacular architecture, Portugal
    2021 - Carlos, Gilberto Duarte; Correia, Mariana; Sousa, Goreti; Alcindor, Mónica; Florentino, Rui; Bermudez, Teresa; Costa, Manuel P.; Alcindor, Mónica
    In the middle of the Atlantic Ocean is located the Azores archipelago, composed by nine volcanic islands. Pico island was the seventh to be discovered by Portuguese sailors, during the 15th century. Its name is due to the pyramidal form of its mountain, a geological volcano reaching 2.351 meters, the highest mountain in Portuguese territory (Costa, 1997). Pico island has an amazing vineyard culture, especially in its western coastline. The exceptional landscape character granted to Pico a World Heritage status in 2004.